Olympic Events 2012 And Their History
The Olympic Games take place twice a year, in the summer and in the winter. These are sport competitions that involve 200+ nations and are organized by the Olympic governing body. The games alternate every two years and are considered the world’s top competitions in the sports field. Thousands of athletes from all over the world take part in the many different Olympic events that are available.
Olympic Events 2012 And Their History
The Olympic events originally started in Olympia, Greece back in 776 B.C.E. At that time, the games were devoted to the Olympian gods. These Olympic events were said to be founded by Heracles, the son of Zeus.
Some of the first games played in Olympia were javelin, running, and shot put, among others. There were ten games in all and the Olympics were held every four years and continued for around 1200 years. They were always played at the same venue and during the summer months only.
There was a span of around 1500 years when there were no Olympic games taking place. Pierre de Coubertin, a young Frenchman, attempted to start them up again in 1892. It wasn’t until 1894 that Pierre was able to get nine other countries to work with him, thus the Olympics started up again.
Over the years the Olympic events have changed and many new games are taking place. The Olympics are now held in a different country most times and the rules have changed drastically, although the Olympic Games still take place every four years.
One big change over the years is that women are allowed to compete and have been able to since 1900. At first they were only able to take part in croquet, golf and tennis. Now women are allowed to compete in almost every sport or discipline.
The traditional summer Olympics consist of such games as boxing, archery, athletics, fencing, gymnastics, judo, sailing, swimming, shooting, tennis, and wrestling, among many others. There will be a total of twenty seven different Olympic events held at the Olympic events 2012 in London.
The site of the London 2012 Olympic Park is right in the heart of London, so visitors will get a real feeling of the national history and culture of the United Kingdom – the country and its people – although the venues and infrastructure are mostly brand new or refurbished to take extra capacity.
The first winter Olympic Games began in 1924 in Chamonix, France. The sport competitions at that time were skiing, figure skating, ice hockey, ski jumping, and speed skating. New games have been added since then like, short track speed skating, freestyle skiing, and luge. There have been games played such as bandy, and speed skiing that never made it as a permanent sport in the Winter Olympics.
There have been a couple of other changes made also with the Olympics. A torch is lit in Greece several months ahead of when the Olympics are to begin and athletes, celebrities and ordinary folk take part in the torch relay to the designated area where the Olympic events will be held.
Usually there are runners, called a torch relay system, who carry the torch to its destination. The torch stays lit at the games from the opening ceremony until the last day of the closing ceremony of the Olympics events.
The other change is the way the Winter and Summer Olympics are held. Years ago they were both held in the same year. That ended in 1992 when they started being held alternately. This started in 1994 when the first stand-alone Olympics winter sports were held.
Another recent addition is the Paralympic Games which are held directly after the summer Olympic events. Every four years, the country holding the games tries to make them the most spectacular ever, so the Olympic Events 2012 could be the best yet.
One huge change is that now, the winners receive trophies and medals compared to being given an olive branch and being considered celebrities in ancient Greece.